The concept of a strike was first proposed by the Red Stockings, a radical women’s movement founded in 1970, but to some Icelandic women it felt too confrontational. Women in Iceland received the right to vote one hundred years ago, in behind solely New Zealand and Finland. But over the following 60 years, only 9 women took seats in parliament. In 1975 there were just three sitting feminine MPs, or just 5% of the parliament, compared with between 16% and 23% in the different Nordic nations, and this was a major source of frustration. At the time she was creative director of the Reykjavik Theatre Company and abandoned gown rehearsals to affix the demonstration, as did her female colleagues.
The subject fit so properly into the theme of my podcast that I determined to do a special episode about women’s historical past in Iceland. You can hearken to the episode on the player beneath or on Apple Podcasts, RadioPublic, Stitcher, and wherever else you get your podcasts.
“Things went back to regular the subsequent day, but with the information that women are as well as men the pillars of society,” she says. “So many firms and institutions came to a halt and it confirmed the drive and necessity of girls – it fully modified the mind-set.”
When I agreed to write about women’s historical past in Iceland for this weblog, I’ll admit I didn’t really know too much in regards to the topic. I did my grasp’s in medieval Icelandic historical past and literature, and it’s probably not a big surprise to anyone that women are mostly footnotes and supporting characters in medieval historical past. Now, more than 40 years later, equal rights are supported by political will, as evident in the introduction of the law on equal pay certification. This laws is predicated on a software referred to as the Equal Pay Standard, which goals to get rid of the adjusted gender pay hole.
Rakel told me that only 12-20% of document’s in Iceland’s archives are by or about women. When I requested Rakel about the way forward for women’s historical past in Iceland, her first thought was not the way forward for a tutorial subject; she as an alternative shared her thoughts on the state of equality and activism today.
At the identical time, he points on the market have all the time been strong women in Iceland – one thing reflected in the Icelandic Sagas. As he remembers it, none of them misplaced pay, or had been obliged to take the day as annual depart, and they returned at midnight to help get the newspaper finished. Styrmir Gunnarsson was at the time the co-chief editor of a conservative newspaper, Morgunbladid, but he had no objection to the idea.
There is a gender pay hole for work of equal worth despite the existence of a law on equal pay since 1961. Icelandic women have been protesting against this imbalance by occurring general strike since 1975. Ideas about masculinity are altering amongst young folks which can most probably contribute to the elimination of gender segregation in the labour market in near future. Legislation prohibiting sexual harassment was launched in Iceland as well as other predominantly western nations at the time.
The struggle is geared toward altering the system – the normative and the authorized guidelines governing our lives – which has been shaped by folks with and in energy. This is also the reason why women must how to marry icelandic girl have equal energy and to be in energy. Consequently, traditionally and nonetheless at present, the struggle of girls human rights defenders isn’t about good or bad men per se.
“I don’t assume that I have ever supported a strike however I didn’t see this motion as a strike,” he says. Among the speakers at the Reykjavik rally have been a housewife, two MPs, a consultant of the women’s movement and a lady employee. Iceland was not the primary nation to offer women the best to vote, but it was nicely forward of the curve.
The normal will apply to all companies and institutions with 25 full-time employees positions. Still, there are challenges that stay to be resolved, not least the gendered actuality we stay in the place so many issues are assumed about people or groups on the basis of their sex, sexual orientation or id. Such gendered assumptions and notions continue to cause problems such as how occupations predominantly held by women, similar to nursing, are valued lower than men’s occupations, similar to construction.
And if on the time of the Women’s Day Off only three of the 63 members of parliament have been women, the determine is now 28, or forty four%. “While more women than men are enrolled in university, the workplace gender gap persists,” she says.
The American Association for State and Local History is a national affiliation that provides management and help for its members who protect and interpret state and local historical past so as to make the previous extra significant to all people. This is why teams just like the International Coalition of Sites of Conscience are so essential. If you have an interest in additional women’s historical past collaboration on a global scale, begin with the International Federation for Public History and the International Federation for Research in Women’s History. And in relation to accumulating, researching, and sharing queer women’s history in Iceland, the work has simply begun. While there is a broad consciousness that extra consideration have to be paid to women’s historical past, there may be still a long methods to go.