Farmers using cash scheme well
A study of the impact of PM KISAN, the Modi government income transfer scheme for coque iphone 6s plus rouge farmers, has found that poor cultivators don squander the free money they receive, but invest it coque iphone newarrival in modern farm technologies, apart from education and health.
However, the extent to coque samsung a40 which farmers were likely to invest the free cash in agriculture was influenced by the availability of farm knowledge sessions coque iphone 6 plus en verre imparted by the country network of institutions called Krishi Vigyan Kendras (KVK), technically called agricultural extension services, the study found.
How farmers utilised the money also depended on the coque iphone 7 plus homme very timing of coque samsung j3 cash release, according to the study, which is part of a larger project of the Indian Council of Agricultural Research (ICAR) and the International coque iphone 6 transparente prix Food coque iphone 6 pompom Policy Research Institute (IFPRI).
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The study found that beneficiaries were diverse coque iphone 4 fast and furious and there was no evidence of any bias in selection of farmers on the basis of caste, community or faith.
Under PM KISAN, coque iphone 7 starbucks the government provides income support of Rs 6,000 a year to farmers with a valid enrolment, paid in three equal cash transfers of Rs 2,000 one every four months. It was launched on February 24 last year, when the first instalment was paid. nearly 80 million recipients are free coque iphone 6s nhl to spend the money as they want, but it is expected that they utilise some part of the cash on farming.
Farmers tend to invest substantially in agricultural technologies, such more productive seed varieties, when the cash release happens close to sowing seasons and KVK field officials are available to coque iphone 7 stade toulousain tutor farmers on latest methods of farming coque iphone 8 maths and use of better seeds, the study found.
The researchers studied two instalments for spending patterns. In one instalment, the results showed that 52% of those who received the first instalment spent it on agriculture and 26% on consumption, 7% on education and health and the coque iphone 6 s plus miroir remaining 15% on other incidental expenses such as festivals coque iphone 6 plus résistante and marriages.
The study showed that PM KISAN has increased adoption of modern cultivars (crop varieties) for farmers with access to KVKs by 36 percentage points as compared to those who were not covered by KVK field scientists.
More than 60% of farmers who received the money in the off season spent it on consumption, education and medical purposes, suggesting that farmers are most likely to invest larger sums in agriculture when the money is released just before the sowing season.
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Joshi collaborated with colleagues Deepak Varshney, Devesh Roy, Anjani Kumar at the IFPRI to sample 1,406 farmer households who got money under PM coque iphone 6s plus om KISAN and segregated them as those having access to government coque iphone 6 plus voiture training in farm technologies and those who did not. Their findings were published in the IFPRI journal as well as in the EPW journal.
In the last instalment of PM coque samsung a70 KISAN, the government paid nearly Rs 17,000 crore to about 80 million enrolled farmer households in April 2020.
KR Mani, an economist with the coque samsung a6 Tamil Nadu Agricultural Technology, said: study essentially demonstrates that it is not enough coque iphone 5s voiture de sport to give farmers cash, but the government must ramp up the numbers of farmers covered by KVKs, which are present in every district of the coque iphone 7 housse country. section:india news mainSection:india news >..